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How to learn web design

If you’re going to be a web designer, you don’t need to go too in-depth and learn what happens on the backend, but you should understand its purpose.

Understand how visual design works. Learn the rules of composition and understand how elements like shapes, space, color, and geometry come together.

Our post on visual design principles for web designers is an excellent place to start. You can integrate these principles into your work by exploring reification, emergence, and invariance concepts. When learning how to be a web designer, you also need to understand design history. We’ve assembled this in-depth graphic design archive to reveal to you all the significant growths in the layout that have brought us to where we are today. Designers who operate in languages like PHP may use a Python framework like Django, write Java code, take care of SQL data sources, or utilize various other languages or structures to make sure servers, applications, and databases work together.

If you’re going to be a web designer, you don’t need to go too in-depth and learn what happens on the backend, but you should understand its purpose.

Know what the front end is

The backend is server-side, while the frontend is the client-side. 

The front end is where various other codes work together to render a website. This is the part of web design that people deal with. 

As your job progresses, you may relocate right into more specialized areas of web development. You might start working with frameworks like React or Bootstrap or delve deeper into it at the start.

Although the best web designs look easy to implement, they are all based on basic visual design principles. While there are rare web designers who have an innate eye for visual design, it is a subject that we have to learn ourselves for most of us.

JavaScript or jQuery

These are more advanced locations that you should not stress too much regarding understanding how visual style jobs. Know the guidelines of structure and understand how components such as shape, space, color, and geometry work together.

Our post on visual design principles for web designers is a great starting point. You will incorporate these principles into your work by studying concepts such as reification, emergence, and invariance. Learning to be a web designer also means understanding the history of design. We’ve put together this comprehensive archive of graphic design so that you can get up to speed with all the significant design developments that have brought us to where we are today.


Each Letter, border, and division of a layout are lines that form their larger structure. Learning web design means understanding lines to create order and balance in a layout.


The three principal shapes in visual design are squares, circles, and triangles. Squares and rectangles are suitable for content blocks, circles for buttons, and triangles are often used for icons to accompany an important message or call to action. Shapes also represent emotions: squares are associated with strength, circles with harmony and comfort, and triangles with importance and action.


Texture maps something in the real world. Texture gives us an idea of whether something is rough or smooth. Textures can be found everywhere in web design. From paper-like backgrounds to the colorful wisps of a Gaussian blur, look out for the different types of textures that can add interest and a sense of physicality to your designs.


Train yourself in color theory to create designs that don’t overwhelm the eyes. Associated with different colors Comprehending the shade wheel, contrasting shades, colors, and emotions will undoubtedly make you a better web developer.


Grids have their origins in the earliest days of visual layout. They are great for bringing order to images, text, and other web design elements. Find out how to structure your web formats utilizing grids.

 Know the basics of HTML

Hypertext Markup Language ( HTML) dictates how the content, images, navigation, and other website elements are displayed in a web browser. While you don’t need to be a Hypertext markup language expert, it’s still helpful to be familiar with how it works, with just how it functions, even if you’re using a visual-based layout platform like Webflow.

HTML tags are the instructions a web browser uses to Create a website. These tags control headings, paragraphs, links, and images. Header tags affect layout structure and are also crucial for how web crawlers classify a design and rank it in organic search results. Above all, you should know how heading tags like H1, H2, and H3 are used for content hierarchy.

If you want to know about the basic concepts of HTML (there’s also a section on CSS).

CSS ( Cascading Style Sheets) gives designing and additional guidelines on how an HTML element should look. For example, CSS lets you apply fonts, add padding, set alignments, select colors, and even create grids.

Once you know how CSS works, you’ll be able to create unique-looking websites and customize existing templates. Let’s have a look at some fundamental principles of cascading style sheets.

CSS Course 

A CSS course is a checklist of attributes when designing a single element. Elements like body text, font, size, and color can be part of a single CSS class.

CSS combo classes

A combo class builds on an existing base class. It inherits any attributes such as size, color, and alignment that may already exist. The attributes can then be modified. Combination classes save time and allow you to create variations of a class that you can use anywhere in a web design.

Knowing how CSS works are essential to learning web design.

UX is the magic that brings a site to life, transforming it from a static arrangement of components into something that appeals to visitors’ emotions as they scroll.

The color scheme, content, typography, layout, and visual elements are all integrated to serve your target market. Customer experience design has to do with precision and also stimulating sensations. It provides the user with a smooth journey and an experience that connects them to the company or brand behind the web design.

Here are a few UX principles you should know.

User personas

Web design is about understanding the end-user. It would be best to discover exactly how to do user research and create user personas. You are likewise required to recognize exactly how to use this information to create a tailored design to users’ needs.

Information architecture

Without a clear outline, users will be perplexed and also bounce. Information design and web content mapping supply a blueprint for how the website and sections work together to provide a straightforward customer journey.

User flows

User flow design can come into play on more extensive design projects, but you’ll be better off in the future if you think about and work it out in your initial designs. User flows convey how people will move through a design. They help you prioritize the most critical sections and ensure users can get to them.


Wireframes show where headings, text, visuals, forms, and other elements should be placed on a web page. Even if you’re creating a simple one-page web design, creating a wireframe will give you a solid guide to work from. When you move on to more complicated websites, wireframes are essential for creating a consistent experience, structuring layouts, and not overlooking anything that absolutely must be included.


Prototypes can have varying levels of accuracy but serve as a representation of a functional design. Images, interactions, content, and other essential elements represent the simple design. Prototypes are used to get feedback and tweak the design throughout the process.

Get familiar with the User Interface (UI)

An interface is a system that places an item of technology into action. A doorknob is a user interface. A user interface is the volume knob on your car stereo that your significant other is constantly messing with. And the keypad into which you enter your PIN at the ATM is a user interface. Just as buttons and other systems in real-life allow you to interact with machines, user interface elements on a website trigger actions.

Let’s take a look at two crucial UI principles.

  • How to create intuitive interfaces
  • Interaction and interaction with a website should be consistent and follow repeatable patterns. People who land on a website should immediately understand their systems to navigate it.

Design UI simply

The user interface is there to optimize the user experience. This means that controls should be easy to use and obvious in their functionality. Whether you’re minimizing the number of navigation options, speeding up the checkout process, or incorporating other interactive elements that improve accessibility, understanding UI can help you optimize interaction with a website.

UX vs UI

The key differences every designer should know. Understand the basics of layout creation.

Our eyes automatically recognize specific design patterns that make navigating through a web design easy. Because we’ve seen, we intuitively understand where to look the same patterns repeatedly throughout our media consumption. Recognizing design patterns will certainly aid you in developing sites with a smooth flow of content and visuals. Two common web layout patterns you should know are Z-patterns and F-pattern


The Z-pattern is an efficient way to navigate a website for layouts with sparse use of words and images and generous negative space. If you start paying attention to where your eyes go through a design, you’ll immediately recognize when a Z-pattern is present.


On the other side of the display, you see a list of articles or posts, and in the body of the page, you see lines of related information. Designs with a high amount of text, such as an online publication or blog, often follow a distinct F-pattern.

Website layout

  • website anatomy every designer needs to learn. Learn about typography.
  • Fonts can convey different tones or emotions and affect readability. When learning about web design, it’s essential to know how to use typography.
  • Typography serves several purposes in web design. First, it serves the purpose of making content readable. However, it can also serve as decoration, and the tasteful use of stylized typography can contribute to the overall aesthetic.

Below are three basic typographic concepts you should be aware of.


Serif fonts have tiny lines, called serifs, that adorn every Letter. This typographic design can be mapped back to printing.


As the name implies, sans serif fonts lack the identifying lines of serif fonts. These fonts are found in the digital world of websites and applications.


Display fonts are often used for headlines and can be large and impressive or consist of sharp, thin lines. They usually have sophisticated letterforms and are designed to catch the viewer’s attention.

Typographic design font styles and resources for designers.

Place your knowledge right into the action and also construct something. The design template is readily available below. You can watch tutorials, review posts, enroll in online training courses, as well as soak up all sorts of theories and information about web design. However, the only way to become a web designer is to start designing.

  • Start with a simple project. Maybe someone you know needs help creating a portfolio or has a side hustle that lacks a web presence. Offer to design something for him for free.
  • A blog is also a good beginner project. It’s a fantastic method to obtain hands-on style experience and learn how to use a CMS while also showing off your writing skills.
  • Creating a website for a mock company or business is another creative exercise that can help you improve your design skills. Plus, you can add it to your portfolio.

Get a mentor

Mentors are precious because they have had the same experiences as you and want to help you with the hard-won lessons they have learned. They have a wide range of knowledge and also understanding. They are an excellent resource for getting feedback on your work and figuring out what you are doing right and need to improve.

When looking for a suitable mentor, make sure you find someone who does the kind of design you admire and specializes in what you want to learn. Mentors can give you a clear path that you can follow for years, so you don’t have to stumble through learning web design.

  • No code offers an accessible introduction to web design.
  • It wasn’t that long ago that you had to have a deep understanding of HTML and CSS to write the code behind a web design manually. Today, with no-code tools like Webflow, it’s possible to create and publish a website.
  • Of course, it takes a lot to create a good web design. Once you know the basics of visual design, the fundamentals of UI and UX, and how the frontend and backend work, you’ll be a more versatile designer.


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